1. Vietnam Mineral Resources

As results of the survey, evaluation and exploration of minerals, Vietnam has quite diverse and rich mineral resources with over 5,000 mines and ore points of 60 different types of minerals; There are a number of minerals of considerable reserve scale, world-class, of strategic significance and a resource for the country's socio-economic development.

Expoiltation of white limestone in Tan Ky Mineral Processing Joint Stock Company


Article 53 of the Constitution in 2013 affirms that mineral resources are "public property" owned by the entire people, uniformly managed by the State. On average, each year, our country's mining industry provides about 90 million tons of cement limestone, about 70 million cubic meters of common construction materials (construction materials), nearly 100 million cubic meters of construction sand and sand, over 45 million tons of coal, over 3 million tons of iron ore, etc ..; output value of the mining industry (excluding petroleum) accounts for about 4-5% of the annual GDP; Directly contributing to the budget from the grant of mining rights, royalties and environmental protection fees (excluding oil and gas) from 2014 to now on an average of VND 16-20,000 billion per year, including taxes resources from VND 10,000 - 11,000 billion. It can be said that mineral resources have actually become one of the resources for socio-economic development of the country in each period.


Titanium ore: Titanium ore in Vietnam includes 02 types of original ore and placer ore. The original ore concentrates in Thai Nguyen province; the mineral ores are concentrated in the coastal provinces from Thanh Hoa to Ba Ria - Vung Tau. The total potential of titanium resources and reserves in Vietnam is about 663.15 million tons of useful heavy minerals.


Bauxite ore: Bauxite ore in Vietnam is distributed mainly in the northern provinces (Lang Son, Cao Bang, Ha Giang) and in the Central Highlands (Dak Nong, Lam Dong, Gia Lai, Kon Tum) and Binh Phuoc and Phu provinces. Yen. The reserve and forecast resources of bauxite ore deposits in the Northern provinces are about 88.5 million tons. For bauxite laterite ore, the total reserves and forecast resources of bauxite-laterite ore have been estimated at about 3,500 million tons of fine ore.


Rare earth: Rare-earth ores are concentrated in Bac Nam Xe, Nam Nam Xe, Dong Pao (Lai Chau), Muong Hum (Lao Cai) and Yen Phu (Yen Bai) mines. According to statistics, reserves and rare earth resources in Vietnam reached about 19.96 tons of Tr2O3.


Apatite: So far, 17 apatite mines and ore points have been confirmed, concentrated mainly in Lao Cai province. Most apatite mines are of medium to large scale. The reserve and forecast resources of apatite ore calculated to a depth of - 900m are 2,373.97 million tons.


White sand: White sand is distributed in 09 coastal provinces of North and Central Vietnam with great potential but the level of investigation and evaluation is limited. The total reserves of 13 mines have been explored at 123 million tons, the forecast resource is about 03 billion tons.


High quality limestone (except white marble): Limestone meets the requirements of cement production, industrial lime and soda are present in 29 provinces of the country but unevenly distributed, concentrated mainly in North and North Central region. Now, more than 80 mines have been surveyed, assessed and explored at different levels with a total reserve of about 08 billion tons.


White marble: Distributed in 11 northern provinces, but concentrated in Nghe An and Yen Bai provinces. Up to now, there are over 70 mines already under exploration. About 200 million m3 of white marble have been identified as eligible for paving stone production and 1.2 billion tons are of sufficient quality to produce calcium carbonate powder.


Mineral water - hot water: Almost all provinces and cities in the country have mineral water - hot water. So far investigated, recorded 400 sources of mineral water - hot water.


Uranium ore: Results of geological research and mineral exploration have discovered uranium mineralization in the Northwest, Viet Bac, Central and Central Highlands regions. In particular concentrated in the region of Nong Son (Quang Nam). To date, 06 uranium mines have been evaluated and explored with a total estimated resource of about 218,000 tons of U3O8, of which Nong Son area is about 100,000 tons of U3O8.


 Coal: Coal is distributed mainly in the Northeast coal basin and Song Hong coal basin. In addition to the exploited coal reserves, if excluding the Red River basin coal, the remaining reserves and resources are not large (about 5 billion tons including forecast resources).


Regarding Song Hong coal basin, currently investigating and evaluating the overall coal potential of the land. Initial results show that the coal potential in the mainland of the Red River basin is very large, the density of coal storage is high from -330 to -1200m. Distribution ranges from Khoai Chau Hung Yen to Tien Hai, Thai Binh - Hai Hau Nam Dinh. Preliminary results have identified good quality coal for use as energy coal.


In addition, our country has a number of other metallic minerals such as copper ore, iron ore, manganese, antimony, mercury, molybdenum, feldspar, kaolin, kalin clay as raw materials for ceramic, paving stone, etc. Detecting and assessing the potential of resources, but the resources of these minerals are not large and scattered

2. White Limestone exploitation in Vietnam

As reported by the General Department of Geology and Minerals of Vietnam, marble (white limestone) is a mineral used in many different fields. Survey results showed that marble is quite widely distributed in the territory of Vietnam but concentrated large reserves in some localities such as Yen Bai, Nghe An, Bac Can, Ha Giang, Tuyen Quang.


According to statistics, after more than 3 years of implementing the marble mining plan, there are currently 97 licenses of this type of mineral activity in operation, including 47 exploration licenses with forecast reserves of 177 , 7 million m3 of paving stone, 624 million tons of powder stone and 50 mining licenses with the licensed reserve of 161 million m3 of paving stone, 428 million tons of stone making calcium carbonate sets; The annual exploiting capacity for paving stone is 5.8 million m3 and 16 million tons of powder stone, many times higher than the planned output.


Marble exploitation and processing activities in localities have contributed to socio-economic development, creating jobs and income for a part of local people. However, the white marble mining industry still faces many difficulties due to the lack of strict sanctions for mineral exploration practice, which leads to many organizations and individuals lacking of experience for exploration ...



Therefore, many mines, when being put into operation, are not the results of the assessment of reserves, leading to investors' losses and ineffective business, causing widespread exploitation, wasting resources, scrambling for areas, and especially greatly affect the landscape environment and infrastructure. The number of marble processing facilities is quite large, but it is small in scale, scattered and outdated technology equipment, thus, inappropriate use of resources.


In quarry mines, only 20 - 30% of the finished stone is recovered, 70 - 80% is still unused, and must be left at mines showing waste, large and potential source of landslide, unsafe in exploitation; The number of mineral activity licenses is quite large, while the State and mineral management forces are small, the post-licensing examination and inspection does not meet the requirements of management and sanctions for administrative violations. The law violation is not strong enough ...


Speaking at the Meeting, Deputy Minister Nguyen Linh Ngoc said that “ our marble mining industry to really develop, avoid wasting resources and protect the environment, it is necessary to have a strong and responsible participation, More responsibilities of local authorities, consultancy agencies, assigning enterprises to invest in mining. On the business side, there should be joint ventures and partnerships to avoid the strong situation that everyone does now leads to unhealthy competition.


At this conference, businesses need to discuss and propose a series of products from the exploitation of white stone, based on the strengths of each unit to exploit effectively (possibly based on the establishment of the Marble Association. ). There are thus newly built strong brands from Vietnam white marble products. For monolithic stone currently banned from export, it is necessary to find new directions and new markets from the manufacture of monolithic marble to high economic and fine art products. The Deputy Minister emphasized that this conference is also an opportunity for businesses to propose problems and mechanisms for the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment to continue to submit to the Government to remove difficulties for businesses and best serve the economy. sacrifice to the country.






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